Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

High-rate, roll-to-roll nanomanufacturing of flexible systems
Author(s): Khershed P. Cooper; Ralph F. Wachter
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

Since the National Nanotechnology Initiative was first announced in 2000, nanotechnology has developed an impressive catalog of nano-scale structures with building-blocks such as nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanorods, nanopillars, and quantum dots. Similarly, there are accompanying materials processes such as, atomic layer deposition, pulsed layer deposition, nanoprinting, nanoimprinting, transfer printing, nanolithography and nanopatterning. One of the challenges of nanomanufacturing is scaling up these processes reliably and affordably. Roll-to-roll manufacturing is a means for scaling up, for increasing throughput. It is high-speed production using a continuous, moving platform such as a web or a flexible substrate. The adoption of roll-to-roll to nanomanufacturing is novel. The goal is to build structures and devices with nano-scale features and specific functionality. The substrate could be a polymer, metal foil, silk, cloth or paper. The materials to build the structures and multi-level devices could be organic, inorganic or biological. Processing could be solution-based, e.g., ink-jet printing, or vacuum-based, e.g., chemical vapor deposition. Products could be electronics, optoelectronics, membranes, catalysts, microfluidics, lab-on-film, filters, etc. By this means, processing of large and conformal areas is achievable. High-throughput translates into low cost, which is the attraction of roll-to-roll nanomanufacturing. There are technical challenges requiring fundamental scientific advances in materials and process development and in manufacturing and system-integration where achieving nano-scale feature size, resolution and accuracy at high speeds can be major hurdles. We will give an overview of roll-to-roll nanomanufacturing with emphasis on the need to understand the material, process and system complexities, the need for instrumentation, measurement, and process control and describe the concept of cyber-enabled nanomanufacturing for reliable and predictable production.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 October 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8466, Instrumentation, Metrology, and Standards for Nanomanufacturing, Optics, and Semiconductors VI, 846602 (11 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.940775
Show Author Affiliations
Khershed P. Cooper, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Ralph F. Wachter, National Science Foundation (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8466:
Instrumentation, Metrology, and Standards for Nanomanufacturing, Optics, and Semiconductors VI
Michael T. Postek; Victoria A. Coleman; Ndubuisi G. Orji, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top