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Proceedings Paper

Differential Geometry Applied To Least-Square Error Surface Approximations
Author(s): Ruud M. Bolle; Daniel Sabbah
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Paper Abstract

This paper focuses on extraction of the parameters of individual surfaces from noisy depth maps. The basis for this are least-square error polynomial approximations to the range data and the curvature properties that can be computed from these approximations. The curvature properties are derived using the invariants of the Weingarten Map evaluated at the origin of local coordinate systems centered at the range points. The Weingarten Map is a well-known concept in differential geometry; a brief treatment of the differential geometry pertinent to surface curvature is given. We use the curvature properties for extracting certain surface parameters from the curvature properties of the approximations. Then we show that curvature properties alone are not enough to obtain all the parameters of the surfaces; higher order properties (information about change of curvature) are needed to obtain full parametric descriptions. This surface parameter estimation problem arises in the design of a vision system to recognize 3D objects whose surfaces are composed of planar patches and patches of quadrics of revolution. (Quadrics of revolution are quadrics that are surfaces of revolution.) A significant portion of man-made objects can be modeled using these surfaces. The actual process of recognition and parameter extraction is framed as a set of stacked parameter space transforms. The transforms are "stacked" in the sense that any one transform computes only a partial geometric description that forms the input to the next transform. Those who are interested in the organization and control of the recognition and parameter recognition process are referred to [Sabbah86], this paper briefly touches upon the organization, but concentrates mainly on geometrical aspects of the parameter extraction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 August 1987
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 0754, Optical and Digital Pattern Recognition, (21 August 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.939975
Show Author Affiliations
Ruud M. Bolle, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center (United States)
Daniel Sabbah, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0754:
Optical and Digital Pattern Recognition
Hua-Kuang Liu; Paul S. Schenker, Editor(s)

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