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Proceedings Paper

New Computer Automated Holo-Photoelastic Method For Measuring Planar Principal Stress Magnitudes And Orientation
Author(s): G. M. Brown; J. L. Sullivan
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Paper Abstract

A complete experimental determination of the stress and strain fields in an arbitrary deformed structure is generally unavailable. However, for two dimensional elasticity problems, such determinations are possible since in those cases one needs only to solve for three stresses (two normal and one shear). In fact, such determinations have been conducted quite often. By using isochromatic and isoclinic photoelastic data, the shear difference and numerical iteration techniques (1) and the least squares techniques (2) have been successfully used for complete stress field determinations of two dimensional elasticity problems. Though the shear difference technique can be particularly sensitive to cumulative errors resulting from numerical integration, the least squares technique is not affected by this and appears to yield better accuracy. The methods just cited use both experimental data and one or more mechanics conditions(e.g., the equations of equilibrium) to determine the stress field. However, the stress field can also be obtained from experimental data alone for planar elasticity problems, if there is enough of it to solve for the three stresses. For example, the Moire* technique or the combination of isochromatic, isoclinic, and isopachic data (for transparent models) can be used for such determinations. Further, with the marriage of advanced image processing equipment to computers, such analyses using this type of data can be conveniently conducted. It is even possible that such analyses could be more accurate than those using the combined experimental/numerical techniques cited above. The purposes of this report are two fold: i) to describe a single apparatus for obtaining isochromatic, isopachic, and isoclinic results for complete stress field determinations of two dimensional transparent models, and ii) to compare experimental and theoretical stress field values for an antisymmetrically loaded beam obtained using that apparatus.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 1987
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 0746, Industrial Laser Interferometry, (10 September 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.939768
Show Author Affiliations
G. M. Brown, Ford Motor Company (United States)
J. L. Sullivan, Ford Motor Company (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0746:
Industrial Laser Interferometry
Ryszard J. Pryputniewicz, Editor(s)

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