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Proceedings Paper

Industrial Color Inspection
Author(s): C S McCamy
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Paper Abstract

Color is a very important property of many products and an essential feature of some. The commercial value of color is evident in the fact that customers reject product that is satisfactory in every other way, but is not the right color. Color isrumerically specified, measured, and controlled just as length or weight are. It has three dimensions: Hue, Value, and Chroma, and may be represented in a three-dimensional space. Colors of objects depend on the illumination and pairs of colors may match in one light but not in another. Controlled illumination is required for color matching. Illuminants were standardized by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE). As a basis for color measurement, the CIE adopted three spectral sensitivity functions representing a standard observer. Color may be measured by instruments using standard illumination and simulating the standard observer. It is better to measure spectral reflectance or transmittance and compute colorimetric quantities. Color may be inspected on a production line and the data obtained can be used to control the process. When production cannot be controlled as precisely as required, product may be sorted by color.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 October 1986
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 0665, Optical Techniques for Industrial Inspection, (23 October 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.938756
Show Author Affiliations
C S McCamy, Macbeth Division of Kollmorgen Corporation (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0665:
Optical Techniques for Industrial Inspection
Paolo G. Cielo, Editor(s)

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