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Proceedings Paper

Transparent Microporous Silica Fibers by the Sol-Gel Process
Author(s): H. de Lambilly; L. C. Klein
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Paper Abstract

The sol-gel process is a chemical approach to making optical materials at low temperatures. Through hydrolysis and condensation reactions, a metal alkoxide such as tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) is converted largely to high surface area silica gel. The ratios of the components in the TEOS-water-alcohol solution determine the geometry of the gel preform. The preform may be a fiber, a supported thin film or a rigid monolithic shape. The bulk density of the preform is typically half that of conventional fused silica. In all cases, the microporosity is interconnected and the average pore size is generally smaller than 10 nm. Consequently, the material is transparent to visible light. In the case of fibers, an inexpensive plastic fiber can be used to establish the shape and diameter of the gel preform. Then the plastic can be sacrificed at a temperature below 600°C to leave behind a porous silica fiber. This type of fiber is being considered for light transmission over short distances.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 December 1986
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 0683, Infrared and Optical Transmitting Materials, (19 December 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.936422
Show Author Affiliations
H. de Lambilly, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey (United States)
L. C. Klein, Rutgers-The State University of New Jersey (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0683:
Infrared and Optical Transmitting Materials
Robert W. Schwartz, Editor(s)

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