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Proceedings Paper

Analytic Continuation Applied To Microwave Apertures
Author(s): G. Tricoles; E. L. Rope; R. A. Hayward
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Paper Abstract

Microwave holography is a useful experimental technique for imaging remote or inaccessible objects and for diagnostics of antennas, radomes, and scatterers; however, diffraction restricts image resolution. This paper describes a method for improving resolution in microwave holography. The holograms are either spherical or circular. Porter's scalar theory of curved holograms is extended to vector fields by using rectangular components to treat the effects of wave polarization. The mathematical formulation is a Helmholtz diffraction integral. This integral is written as a convolution for currents on line segments. The convolution is applied to the spatial frequency spectra of images. The spectra of dipole antennas are analytically continued, and the current distributions are exactly reconstructed. An experimental example is described; it is diffraction of a half-wavelength wide slit in a conducting screen. The analytic continuation of the holographically reconstructed nearfield produced images with resolution approximately 1/4 wavelength. Before continuation, resolution was 0.6 wavelength. In addition, the boundary condition of vanishing tangential over the metal screen was better satisfied in the image produced by continuation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 1982
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 0294, New Methods for Optical, Quasi-Optical, Acoustic, and Electromagnetic Synthesis, (26 February 1982); doi: 10.1117/12.932355
Show Author Affiliations
G. Tricoles, General Dynamics Electronics Division (United States)
E. L. Rope, General Dynamics Electronics Division (United States)
R. A. Hayward, General Dynamics Electronics Division (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0294:
New Methods for Optical, Quasi-Optical, Acoustic, and Electromagnetic Synthesis
W. Ross Stone, Editor(s)

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