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Proceedings Paper

Electronic Flash In Data Acquisition
Author(s): C. E. Miller
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Paper Abstract

Photographic acquisition of data often may be simplified, or the data quality improved upon by employing electronic flash sources with traditional equipment or techniques. The relatively short flash duration compared to movie camera shutters, or to the long integration time of video camera provides improved spatial resolution through blur reduction, particularly important as image movement becomes a significant fraction of film format dimension. Greater accuracy typically is achieved in velocity and acceleration determinations by using a stroboscopic light source rather than a movie camera frame-rate control as a time standard. Electrical efficiency often is an important advantage of electronic flash sources since almost any necessary light level for exposure may be produced, yet the source typically is "off" most of the time. Various synchronization techniques greatly expand the precise control of exposure. Biomechanical and sports equipment studies may involve velocities up to 200 feet-per-second, and often will have associated very rapid actions of interest. The need for brief exposures increases H.s one "ZOOMS in on the action." In golf, for example, the swing may be examined using 100 microsecond (Us) flashes at rates of 60 or 120 flashes-per-second (FPS). Accurate determination of linear and rotational velocity of the ball requires 10 Us flashes at 500-1,000 FPS, while sub-Us flashes at 20,000-50,000 FPS are required to resolve the interaction of the ball and the club, head. Some seldom. used techniques involving streak photography are described, with enhanced results obtained by combining strobe with the usual continuous light source. The combination of strobe and a fast electro-mechanical shutter is considered for Us photography under daylight conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 1982
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 0291, 2nd Intl Symp of Biomechanics Cinematography and High Speed Photography, (24 February 1982); doi: 10.1117/12.932295
Show Author Affiliations
C. E. Miller, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0291:
2nd Intl Symp of Biomechanics Cinematography and High Speed Photography
Juris Terauds, Editor(s)

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