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Proceedings Paper

A new digital repository for remotely sensed hyperspectral imagery with unmixing-based retrieval functionality
Author(s): Jorge Sevilla; Sergio Bernabé; Antonio J. Plaza; Pablo García
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Paper Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging is concerned with the measurement, analysis, and interpretation of spectra acquired from a given scene (or specific object) at a short, medium or long distance by an airbone or satellite sensor. Over the last few years, hyperspectral image data sets have been collected for a great amount of locations over the world, using a variety of instruments for Earth observation. Despite the increasing importance of hyperspectral images in remote sensing applications, there is no common repository of hyperspectral data intended to distribute and share hyperspectral data sets in the community. Quite opposite, the hyperspectral data sets which are available for public use are spread among different storage locations and present significant heterogeneity regarding the storage format, associated meta-data (if any), or ground-truth availability. As a result, the development of a standardized hyperspectral data repository is a highly desired goal in the remote sensing community. In this paper, we take a necessary first step towards the development of a digital repository for remotely sensed hyperspectral data. The proposed system allows uploading new hyperspectral data sets along with meta-data, ground-truth and analysis results, with the ultimate goal of sharing publicly available hyperspectral images within the remote sensing community. The database has been designed in order to allow storing relevant information for the hyperspectral data available through the system, including basic image characteristics (width, height, number of bands, format) and more advanced meta-data (ground-truth information, publications in which the data has been used). The current implementation consists of a front-end to ease the management of images through a web interface, thus containing both synthetic and real hyperspectral images from two highly representative instruments, such as NASAs Airborne Visible Infra-Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) over the Cuprite Mining District in Nevada. Most importantly, the developed system includes a spectral unmixing-based content based image retrieval (CBIR) functionality which allows searching for images on the spectral unmixing information (spectrally pure components or endmembers and their associated abundances in the scene). This information is stored as meta-data associated to each hyperspectral image instance, and then used to search and retrieve images based on information content. This paper presents the design of the system and a preliminary validation of the unmixing-based retrieval functionality using both synthetic and real hyperspectral images stored in the database.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 October 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8514, Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Processing VIII, 851412 (19 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.929803
Show Author Affiliations
Jorge Sevilla, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)
Sergio Bernabé, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)
Antonio J. Plaza, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)
Pablo García, Univ. de Extremadura (Spain)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8514:
Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Processing VIII
Bormin Huang; Antonio J. Plaza; Carole Thiebaut, Editor(s)

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