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Proceedings Paper

Electrochemical enzymatic biosensors using carbon nanofiber nanoelectrode arrays
Author(s): Jun Li; Yi-fen Li; Luxi Z. Swisher; Lateef U. Syed; Allan M. Prior; Thu Annelise Nguyen; Duy H. Hua
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Paper Abstract

The reduction of electrode size down to nanometers could dramatically enhance detection sensitivity and temporal resolution. Nanoelectrode arrays (NEAs) are of particular interest for ultrasensitive biosensors. Here we report the study of two types of biosensors for measuring enzyme activities using NEAs fabricated with vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs). VACNFs of ~100 nm in average diameter and 3-5 μm in length were grown on conductive substrates as uniform vertical arrays which were then encapsulated in SiO2 matrix leaving only the tips exposed. We demonstrate that such VACNF NEAs can be used in profiling enzyme activities through monitoring the change in electrochemical signals induced by enzymatic reactions to the peptides attached to the VACNF tip. The cleavage of the tetrapeptide with a ferrocene tag by a cancerrelated protease (legumain) was monitored with AC voltammetry. Real-time electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (REIS) was used for fast label-free detection of two reversible processes, i.e. phosphorylation by c-Src tyrosine kinase and dephosphorylation by protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B). The REIS data of phosphorylation were slow and unreliable, but those of dephosphorylation showed large and fast exponential decay due to much higher activity of phosphatase PTP1B. The kinetic data were analyzed with a heterogeneous Michaelis-Menten model to derive the “specificity constant” kcat/Km, which is 8.2x103 M-1s-1 for legumain and (2.1 ± 0.1) x 107 M-1s-1 for phosphatase (PTP1B), well consistent with literature. It is promising to develop VACNF NEA based electrochemical enzymatic biosensors as portable multiplex electronic techniques for rapid cancer diagnosis and treatment monitoring.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2012
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8460, Biosensing and Nanomedicine V, 84600L (10 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.928672
Show Author Affiliations
Jun Li, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Yi-fen Li, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Luxi Z. Swisher, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Lateef U. Syed, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Allan M. Prior, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Thu Annelise Nguyen, Kansas State Univ. (United States)
Duy H. Hua, Kansas State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8460:
Biosensing and Nanomedicine V
Hooman Mohseni; Massoud H. Agahi; Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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