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Proceedings Paper

Asymmetric rotational axis reconstruction of grating-based x-ray phase contrast tomography of the human cerebellum
Author(s): Georg Schulz; Timm Weitkamp; Irene Zanette; Franz Pfeiffer; Magdalena Müller-Gerbl; Christian David; Bert Müller
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Paper Abstract

The brain has an outstanding functional importance in the human organism. Therefore, there is a strong need for three-dimensional brain imaging modalities. Magnetic resonance imaging provides deep insights but its spatial resolution is insufficient to study the structure on the cellular level. X-ray absorption microtomography yields the necessary spatial resolution, but shows only marginal contrast between the different types of brain tissue. Alternatively, differential X-ray phase contrast obtained with grating interferometry, which is known for much better differentiations between soft tissues can be used for the visualization of the human brain. As important structures of the human brain such as the human thalamus have dimensions of several centimeters, a large field of view is required. In the present communication, we report an evaluation of grating-based X-ray phase contrast microtomography in the off-axis modus which allows to expand the field of view up to a factor of two but may reduce the image quality. We demonstrate that tomograms with comparable contrast-to-noise values, about 10%, and 50% inferior spatial resolution can be generated with off-axis measurements. As one can reduce the effective pixel size up to a factor of two, the choice of an asymmetrical rotation axis can give rise to an improvement of the spatial resolution by 20%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 October 2012
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8506, Developments in X-Ray Tomography VIII, 850604 (17 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.928487
Show Author Affiliations
Georg Schulz, Univ. Basel (Switzerland)
Timm Weitkamp, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (France)
Synchrotron SOLEIL (France)
Irene Zanette, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (France)
Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Franz Pfeiffer, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Univ. Basel (Switzerland)
Christian David, Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland)
Bert Müller, Univ. Basel (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8506:
Developments in X-Ray Tomography VIII
Stuart R. Stock, Editor(s)

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