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Proceedings Paper

Dual-channel multiple natural guide star wavefront sensor for the E-ELT multiconjugate adaptive optics module
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Paper Abstract

Adaptive optics systems based on sodium Laser Guide Stars may exploit Natural Guide Stars to solve intrinsic limitations of artificial beacons, such as tilt indetermination and, in the case of Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics, tilt anisoplanatism. Natural Guide Stars are also required to mitigate the impact of the sodium layer structure and variability: on a 40-meter class telescope, as a consequence of the perspective elongation effect and of the finite Laser Guide Star Wavefront Sensor field of view, spurious wavefront aberrations are generated. The sodium layer may also have transverse structures leading to significant differential effects among Laser Guide Stars. All these issues show up in MAORY, a concept of a Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics module for the European Extremely Large Telescope. Starting from the analysis of the input perturbations to be measured, we derive preliminary requirements for the Natural Guide Star Wavefront Sensor and describe its conceptual design. The Wavefront Sensor uses three natural stars; each wavefront sensor probe consists of a fast tip-tilt and focus channel and a slow channel for monitoring the aberrations induced by the sodium layer. The dual-channel design allows the efficient exploitation of the few natural stars typically available in the field of view, while providing a way to monitor the potential anisoplanatism due to the differential sodium effects among the LGSs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8447, Adaptive Optics Systems III, 84471K (13 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.927091
Show Author Affiliations
Emiliano Diolaiti, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
Laura Schreiber, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
Italo Foppiani, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)
Matteo Lombini, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8447:
Adaptive Optics Systems III
Brent L. Ellerbroek; Enrico Marchetti; Jean-Pierre Véran, Editor(s)

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