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Proceedings Paper

Development of CdZnTe immersion grating for spaceborne application
Author(s): Yuki Sarugaku; Yuji Ikeda; Naoto Kobayashi; Takashi Sukegawa; Shigeru Sugiyama; Keigo Enya; Hirokazu Kataza; Hideo Matsuhara; Takao Nakagawa; Hideyo Kawakita; Sohei Kondo; Yasuhiro Hirahara; Chikako Yasui
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Paper Abstract

We have been developing an immersion grating for high-resolution spectroscopy in the mid-infrared (MIR) wavelength region. A MIR (12-18 µm) high-resolution (R = 20,000-30,000) spectrograph with the immersion grating is proposed for SPICA, Japanese next-generation space telescope. The instrument will be the world's first high-resolution spectrograph in space, and it would make great impacts on infrared astronomy. To realize a high-efficiency immersion grating, optical properties and machinability of bulk materials are the critical issues. There are three candidate materials with good MIR transmittance; CdTe (n = 2.65), CdZnTe (n = 2.65), and KRS5 (n = 2.30). From measurements of transmittance with FTIR and of homogeneity with phase-shifting interferometry at 1.55 μm, we confirmed that CdZnTe is the best material that satisfies all the optical requirements. As for machinability, by applying Canon's diamond cutting (planing) technique, fine grooves that meet our requirement were successfully cut on flats for all the materials. We also managed to fabricate a small CdZnTe immersion grating, which shows a high grating efficiency from the air. For the reflective metal coating, we tried Au (with thin underlying layer of Cr) and Al on CdZnTe flats both by sputter deposition and vapor deposition. All samples are found to be robust under 77 K and some of them achieve required reflectivity. Despite several remaining technical issues, the fabrication of CdZnTe immersion grating appears to be sound.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2012
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8442, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 844257 (21 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.926742
Show Author Affiliations
Yuki Sarugaku, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Yuji Ikeda, Photocoding Inc. (Japan)
Kyoto-Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Naoto Kobayashi, Institute of Astronomy, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Takashi Sukegawa, Canon Inc. (Japan)
Shigeru Sugiyama, Canon Inc. (Japan)
Keigo Enya, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Hirokazu Kataza, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Hideo Matsuhara, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Takao Nakagawa, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Hideyo Kawakita, Kyoto-Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Sohei Kondo, Kyoto-Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Yasuhiro Hirahara, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Chikako Yasui, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8442:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Mark C. Clampin; Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen; Jacobus M. Oschmann, Editor(s)

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