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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of the occulter for the Solar Orbiter/METIS coronagraph
Author(s): Federico Landini; Sébastien Vivès; Marco Romoli; Christophe Guillon; Maurizio Pancrazzi; Clement Escolle; Mauro Focardi; Ester Antonucci; Silvano Fineschi; Giampiero Naletto; Gianalfredo Nicolini; Piergiorgio Nicolosi; Daniele Spadaro
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Paper Abstract

METIS (Multi Element Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy investigation), selected to fly aboard the Solar Orbiter ESA/NASA mission, is conceived to perform imaging (in visible, UV and EUV) and spectroscopy (in EUV) of the solar corona, by means of an integrated instrument suite located on a single optical bench and sharing the same aperture on the satellite heat shield. As every coronagraph, METIS is highly demanding in terms of stray light suppression. Coronagraphs history teaches that a particular attention must be dedicated to the occulter optimization. The METIS occulting system is of particular interest due to its innovative concept. In order to meet the strict thermal requirements of Solar Orbiter, METIS optical design has been optimized by moving the entrance pupil at the level of the external occulter on the S/C thermal shield, thus reducing the size of the external aperture. The scheme is based on an inverted external-occulter (IEO). The IEO consists of a circular aperture on the Solar Orbiter thermal shield. A spherical mirror rejects back the disk-light through the IEO. A breadboard of the occulting assembly (BOA) has been manufactured in order to perform stray light tests in front of two solar simulators (in Marseille, France and in Torino, Italy). A first measurement campaign has been carried on at the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille. In this paper we describe the BOA design, the laboratory set-up and the preliminary results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2012
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8442, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 844227 (21 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.926225
Show Author Affiliations
Federico Landini, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Sébastien Vivès, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Marco Romoli, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Christophe Guillon, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Maurizio Pancrazzi, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Clement Escolle, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Mauro Focardi, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Ester Antonucci, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy)
Silvano Fineschi, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy)
Giampiero Naletto, Univ. degli Studi di Padova (Italy)
Gianalfredo Nicolini, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Italy)
Piergiorgio Nicolosi, Univ. degli Studi di Padova (Italy)
Daniele Spadaro, INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8442:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Mark C. Clampin; Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen; Jacobus M. Oschmann, Editor(s)

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