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Proceedings Paper

SPICA/SAFARI Fourier transform spectrometer mechanism evolutionary design
Author(s): Teun C. van den Dool; Bob Kruizinga; Ben C. Braam; Roger F. M. M. Hamelinck; Nicolas Loix; Dennis Van Loon; Johan Dams
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Paper Abstract

TNO, together with its partners, have designed a cryogenic scanning mechanism for use in the SAFARI1 Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) on board of the SPICA mission. SPICA is one of the M-class missions competing to be launched in ESA's Cosmic Vision Programme2 in 2022. JAXA3 leads the development of the SPICA satellite and SRON is the prime investigator of the Safari instrument. The FTS scanning mechanism (FTSM) has to meet a 35 mm stroke requirement with an Optical Path Difference resolution of less then 15 nm and must fit in a small volume. It consists of two back-to-back roof-top mirrors mounted on a small carriage, which is moved using a magnetic bearing linear guiding system in combination with a magnetic linear motor serving as the OPD actuator. The FTSM will be used at cryogenic temperatures of 4 Kelvin inducing challenging requirements on the thermal power dissipation and heat leak. The magnetic bearing enables movements over a scanning stroke of 35.5 mm in a small volume. It supports the optics in a free-floating way with no friction, or other non-linearities, with sub-nanometer accuracy. This solution is based on the design of the breadboard ODL (Optical Delay Line) developed for the ESA Darwin mission4 and the MABE mechanism developed by Micromega Dynamics. During the last couple of years the initial design of the SAFARI instrument, as described in an earlier SPIE 2010 paper5, was adapted by the SAFARI team in an evolutionary way to meet the changing requirements of the SPICA payload module. This presentation will focus on the evolution of the FTSM to meet these changing requirements. This work is supported by the Netherlands Space Office (NSO).

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8442, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 84423R (21 September 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.926066
Show Author Affiliations
Teun C. van den Dool, TNO (Netherlands)
Bob Kruizinga, TNO (Netherlands)
Ben C. Braam, TNO (Netherlands)
Roger F. M. M. Hamelinck, Entechna Engineering (Netherlands)
Nicolas Loix, Micromega Dynamics S.A. (Belgium)
Dennis Van Loon, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Johan Dams, Magnetic Innovations BV (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8442:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2012: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Mark C. Clampin; Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen; Jacobus M. Oschmann, Editor(s)

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