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Proceedings Paper

CARMENES. I: instrument and survey overview
Author(s): Andreas Quirrenbach; Pedro J. Amado; Walter Seifert; Miguel A. Sánchez Carrasco; Holger Mandel; Jose A. Caballero; Reinhard Mundt; Ignasi Ribas; Ansgar Reiners; Miguel Abril; Jesus Aceituno; Javier Alonso-Floriano; Matthias Ammler-von Eiff; Guillem Anglada-Escude; Regina Antona Jiménez; Heiko Anwand-Heerwart; David Barrado y Navascués; Santiago Becerril; Victor Bejar; Daniel Benitez; Concepcion Cardenas; Antonio Claret; Josep Colome; Miriam Cortés-Contreras; Stefan Czesla; Carlos del Burgo; Michaela Doellinger; R. Dorda; Stefan Dreizler; Carmen Feiz; Matilde Fernandez; David Galadi; Rafael Garrido; Jonay González Hernández; Josep Guardia; Eike Guenther; Enrique de Guindos; Juan Gutiérrez-Soto; Hans J. Hagen; Artie Hatzes; Peter Hauschildt; Jens Helmling; Thomas Henning; Enrique Herrero; Armin Huber; Klaus Huber; Sandra Jeffers; Viki Joergens; Enrique de Juan; M. Kehr; Alexis Klutsch; Martin Kürster; S. Lalitha; Werner Laun; Ulrike Lemke; Rainer Lenzen; Jean-Louis Lizon; Mauro López del Fresno; Mercedes López-Morales; Javier López-Santiago; Ulrich Mall; Eduardo Martin; Susana Martín-Ruiz; Eduard Mirabet; David Montes; Juan Carlos Morales; Rafael Morales Muñoz; Andres Moya; Vianak Naranjo; Raquel Oreiro; David Pérez Medialdea; Michael Pluto; Ovidio Rabaza; Alejandro Ramon; Rafael Rebolo; Sabine Reffert; Petra Rhode; Hans-Walter Rix; Florian Rodler; Eloy Rodríguez; Cristina Rodríguez López; Emilio Rodríguez Pérez; A. Rodriguez Trinidad; Ralf-Reiner Rohloff; Ernesto Sánchez-Blanco; Jorge Sanz-Forcada; Sebastian Schäfer; Jörg Schiller; Christof Schmidt; Jürgen Schmitt; Enrique Solano; Otmar Stahl; Clemens Storz; Julian Stürmer; Juan Carlos Suarez; Ulrich Thiele; Rainer Ulbrich; Manuela Vidal-Dasilva; Karl Wagner; Johannes Winkler; Wenli Xu; Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio; Mathias Zechmeister
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Paper Abstract

CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation instrument for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory, built by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 μm to 1.7 μm at a spectral resolution of R = 82, 000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. Both spectrographs are housed in temperature-stabilized vacuum tanks, to enable a long-term 1 m/s radial velocity precision employing a simultaneous calibration with Th-Ne and U-Ne emission line lamps. CARMENES has been optimized for a search for terrestrial planets in the habitable zones (HZs) of low-mass stars, which may well provide our first chance to study environments capable of supporting the development of life outside the Solar System. With its unique combination of optical and near-infrared ´echelle spectrographs, CARMENES will provide better sensitivity for the detection of low-mass planets than any comparable instrument, and a powerful tool for discriminating between genuine planet detections and false positives caused by stellar activity. The CARMENES survey will target 300 M dwarfs in the 2014 to 2018 time frame.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2012
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84460R (5 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.925164
Show Author Affiliations
Andreas Quirrenbach, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Pedro J. Amado, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Walter Seifert, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Miguel A. Sánchez Carrasco, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Holger Mandel, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Jose A. Caballero, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Reinhard Mundt, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Ignasi Ribas, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Ansgar Reiners, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Miguel Abril, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Jesus Aceituno, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Javier Alonso-Floriano, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Matthias Ammler-von Eiff, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Guillem Anglada-Escude, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Regina Antona Jiménez, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Heiko Anwand-Heerwart, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
David Barrado y Navascués, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Santiago Becerril, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Victor Bejar, IAC (Spain)
Daniel Benitez, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Concepcion Cardenas, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Antonio Claret, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Josep Colome, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Miriam Cortés-Contreras, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Stefan Czesla, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Carlos del Burgo, Uninova (Portugal)
Michaela Doellinger, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
R. Dorda, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Stefan Dreizler, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Carmen Feiz, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Matilde Fernandez, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
David Galadi, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Rafael Garrido, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Jonay González Hernández, IAC (Spain)
Josep Guardia, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Eike Guenther, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Enrique de Guindos, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Juan Gutiérrez-Soto, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Hans J. Hagen, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Artie Hatzes, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Peter Hauschildt, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Jens Helmling, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Thomas Henning, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Enrique Herrero, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Armin Huber, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Klaus Huber, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Sandra Jeffers, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Viki Joergens, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Enrique de Juan, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
M. Kehr, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Alexis Klutsch, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Martin Kürster, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
S. Lalitha, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Werner Laun, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Ulrike Lemke, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Rainer Lenzen, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Jean-Louis Lizon, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Mauro López del Fresno, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Mercedes López-Morales, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Javier López-Santiago, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Ulrich Mall, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Eduardo Martin, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Susana Martín-Ruiz, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Eduard Mirabet, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
David Montes, Univ. Complutense (Spain)
Juan Carlos Morales, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (Spain)
Rafael Morales Muñoz, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Andres Moya, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Vianak Naranjo, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Raquel Oreiro, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
David Pérez Medialdea, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Michael Pluto, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Ovidio Rabaza, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Alejandro Ramon, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Rafael Rebolo, IAC (Spain)
Sabine Reffert, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Petra Rhode, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Hans-Walter Rix, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Florian Rodler, Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, CSIC (Spain)
Eloy Rodríguez, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Cristina Rodríguez López, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Emilio Rodríguez Pérez, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
A. Rodriguez Trinidad, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Ralf-Reiner Rohloff, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Ernesto Sánchez-Blanco, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Jorge Sanz-Forcada, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Sebastian Schäfer, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Jörg Schiller, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Christof Schmidt, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Jürgen Schmitt, Hamburger Sternwarte (Germany)
Enrique Solano, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Otmar Stahl, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Clemens Storz, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Julian Stürmer, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Juan Carlos Suarez, Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (Spain)
Ulrich Thiele, Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (Spain)
Rainer Ulbrich, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Manuela Vidal-Dasilva, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Karl Wagner, Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Johannes Winkler, Thüringer Landessternwarte (Germany)
Wenli Xu, OSE (Germany)
Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio, Ctr. de Astrobiología, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
Mathias Zechmeister, Univ. Göttingen (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8446:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV
Ian S. McLean; Suzanne K. Ramsay; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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