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Proceedings Paper

Pulse sequences for the detection of RDX at 5.192 MHz: steady state free precession (SSFP) versus free induction decay
Author(s): Thérèse Schunck; Karl Darée; Denis Krüger; Ralf Himmelsbach; Lionel Merlat
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Paper Abstract

Nuclear quadrupole resonance is a promising technique for the detection of illicit substances. It relies on the magnetic properties of some specific nuclei, such as nitrogen and chlorine, widely spread among explosives, narcotics or counterfeit medicines. In the basic NQR experiment, the signal (Free Induction Decay (FID)) is generated by a single radio frequency pulse. Because of its small amplitude, the signal is enhanced by averaging several measurements. However, the excitation cannot be repeated until the spin system relaxes back towards equilibrium and this recovery depends on the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1). This can be sorted out by using multi-pulse sequences. One type of multi-pulse sequence, Steady State Free Precession (SSFP), could be used when the spin-spin relaxation time (T2) of the compound is of the same order as T1. It has been claimed that SSFP is a more efficient acquisition sequence than the accumulation of ordinary FIDs. The present study will show, by using simulations and experimental data, that SSFP is a useful sequence for RDX measurements at 5.192 MHz, but is not more effective than a series of well-separated FIDs with a repetition rate lower than 1/T1.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8357, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVII, 83570Y (11 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.923338
Show Author Affiliations
Thérèse Schunck, Institut Franco-Allemand de Recherches de Saint-Louis (France)
Karl Darée, Institut Franco-Allemand de Recherches de Saint-Louis (France)
Denis Krüger, Institut Franco-Allemand de Recherches de Saint-Louis (France)
Ralf Himmelsbach, Institut Franco-Allemand de Recherches de Saint-Louis (France)
Lionel Merlat, Institut Franco-Allemand de Recherches de Saint-Louis (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8357:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVII
J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway, Editor(s)

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