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Proceedings Paper

Energy density and rate limitations in structural composite supercapacitors
Author(s): J. F. Snyder; E. Gienger; E. D. Wetzel; K. Xu
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Paper Abstract

The weight and volume of conventional energy storage technologies greatly limits their performance in mobile platforms. Traditional research efforts target improvements in energy density to reduce device size and mass. Enabling a device to perform additional functions, such as bearing mechanical load, is an alternative approach as long as the total mass efficiency exceeds that of the individual materials it replaces. Our research focuses on structural composites that function as batteries and supercapacitors. These multifunctional devices could be used to replace conventional structural components, such as vehicle frame elements, to provide significant system-level weight reductions and extend mission times. Our approach is to design structural properties directly into the electrolyte and electrode materials. Solid polymer electrolyte materials bind the system and transfer load to the fibers while conducting ions between the electrodes. Carbon fiber electrodes provide a route towards optimizing both energy storage and load-bearing capabilities, and may also obviate the need for a separate current collector. The components are being integrated using scalable, cost-effective composite processing techniques that are amenable to complex part shapes. Practical considerations of energy density and rate behavior are described here as they relate to materials used. Our results highlight the viability as well as the challenges of this multifunctional approach towards energy storage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8377, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications III, 837709 (24 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.923030
Show Author Affiliations
J. F. Snyder, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
E. Gienger, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
E. D. Wetzel, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
K. Xu, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8377:
Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications III
Nibir K. Dhar; Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya; Achyut K. Dutta, Editor(s)

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