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Proceedings Paper

InP/ZnSe/ZnS core-multishell quantum dots for improved luminescence efficiency
Author(s): Tonino Greco; Christian Ippen; Armin Wedel
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Paper Abstract

Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) exhibit unique optical properties like size-tunable emission color, narrow emission peak, and high luminescence efficiency. QDs are therefore investigated towards their application in light-emitting devices (QLEDs), solar cells, and for bio-imaging purposes. In most cases QDs made from cadmium compounds like CdS, CdSe or CdTe are studied because of their facile and reliable synthesis. However, due to the toxicity of Cd compounds and the corresponding regulation (e.g. RoHS directive in Europe) these materials are not feasible for customer applications. Indium phosphide is considered to be the most promising alternative because of the similar band gap (InP 1.35 eV, CdSe 1.73 eV). InP QDs do not yet reach the quality of CdSe QDs, especially in terms of photoluminescence quantum yield and peak width. Typically, QDs are coated with another semiconductor material of wider band gap, often ZnS, to passivate surface defects and thus improve luminescence efficiency. Concerning CdSe QDs, multishell coatings like CdSe/CdS/ZnS or CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS have been shown to be advantageous due to the improved compatibility of lattice constants. Here we present a method to improve the luminescence efficiency of InP QDs by coating a ZnSe/ZnS multishell instead of a ZnS single shell. ZnSe exhibits an intermediate lattice constant of 5.67 Å between those of InP (5.87 Å) and ZnS (5.41 Å) and thus acts as a wetting layer. As a result, InP/ZnSe/ZnS is introduced as a new core-shell quantum dot material which shows improved photoluminescence quantum yield (up to 75 %) compared to the conventional InP/ZnS system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8424, Nanophotonics IV, 842439 (1 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.922885
Show Author Affiliations
Tonino Greco, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung (Germany)
Christian Ippen, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung (Germany)
Armin Wedel, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Polymerforschung (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8424:
Nanophotonics IV
David L. Andrews; Jean-Michel Nunzi; Andreas Ostendorf, Editor(s)

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