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Proceedings Paper

Laser-induced shock waves from structured surfaces
Author(s): Ch. Leela; V. Rakesh Kumar; Surya P. Tewari; P. Prem Kiran
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Paper Abstract

We present our results on the expansion dynamics of laser induced plasma created shock wave from stainless steel alloy propagating into ambient air that are characterized by time resolved shadowgraphic imaging. A machinist's scale with periodic surface structures of 30 μm depth and 240 ± 20 μm width having 25 and 64 lpi (lines per inch) is used as a target surface. Laser pulses from frequency doubled Nd:YAG (7ns, 532 nm) with 45 mJ energy per pulse focused to a beam diameter of ~ 1 mm on the target surface are used to generate laser induced shock waves. A fast ICCD camera (DH-734U, ANDOR) with 1.5 ns gating resolution is used to capture the time evolution of SWs into air. The properties of shock waves from structured surfaces are compared to that from a flat surface to understand the contribution of structured surface to shock wave dynamics. The SWs from a flat surface are observed to follow Sedov-Taylor solution during time delay of 0.2 to 20 μs. Contact front discontinuity dynamics were studied at different time scales for flat and structured surfaces The maximum velocity of the SWs has increased from 2.75 to 4 km/s with increasing number of surface structures from 25 to 64 lpi. From the measured radius of curvature of SW's (RSW), the velocity, pressure and temperature associated with the micro explosion of metal surface is estimated using Counter Pressure Corrected Point Strong Explosion Theory.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2012
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8433, Laser Sources and Applications, 84331U (11 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.921626
Show Author Affiliations
Ch. Leela, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)
V. Rakesh Kumar, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)
Surya P. Tewari, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)
P. Prem Kiran, Univ. of Hyderabad (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8433:
Laser Sources and Applications
Thomas Graf; Jacob I. Mackenzie; Helena Jelínková; John Powell, Editor(s)

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