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Proceedings Paper

Context switching system and architecture for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
Author(s): Paul C. Hershey; Christopher J. Graham; Leslie Ledda; Mu-Cheng Wang
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Paper Abstract

Given the increasing utilization and dependence on ISR information, operators and imagery analysts monitoring intelligence feeds seek a capability to reduce processing overload in transformation of ISR data to actionable information. The objective they seek is improvement in time critical targeting (TCT) and response time for mission events. Existing techniques addressing this problem are inflexible and lack a dynamic environment for adaptation to changing mission events. This paper presents a novel approach to ISR information collection, processing, and response, called the ISR Context Switching System (ISR-CSS). ISR-CSS enables ground, sea, and airborne sensors to perform preliminary analysis and processing of data automatically at the platform before transferring actionable information back to ground-base operators and intelligence analysts. The on-platform processing includes a catalogue of filtering algorithms concatenated with associated compression algorithms that are automatically selected based on dynamic mission events. The filtering algorithms employ tunable parameters and sensitivities based on the original mission plan along with associated Essential Elements of Information (EEI), data type, and analyst/user preferences. As a mission progresses, ISR-CSS incorporates adaptive parameter updates (model-based, statistics-based, learning-based, and event-driven), providing increased tactical relevant data. If a mission transforms dramatically, where unexpected manual guidance is required, then ISR-CSS allows tactical end-user direct-to-sensor tasking. To address information overload, ISR-CSS provides the provision to filters and prioritize data according to end-user preferences. ISR-CSS dispenses mission-critical and timely actionable information for end-user utilization, enabling faster response to a greater range of threats across the mission spectrum.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8360, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX, 83600E (3 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919967
Show Author Affiliations
Paul C. Hershey, Raytheon Co. (United States)
Christopher J. Graham, Raytheon Co. (United States)
Leslie Ledda, Raytheon Co. (United States)
Mu-Cheng Wang, Raytheon Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8360:
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX
Daniel J. Henry; Davis A. Lange; Dale Linne von Berg; Darrell L. Young; Kenneth L. Bernier; Jeff J. Guell; Sreekanth Danny Rajan, Editor(s)

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