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Proceedings Paper

A new time-adaptive discrete bionic wavelet transform for enhancing speech from adverse noise environment
Author(s): Sumithra Palaniswamy; Prakash Duraisamy; Mohammad Showkat Alam; Xiaohui Yuan
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Paper Abstract

Automatic speech processing systems are widely used in everyday life such as mobile communication, speech and speaker recognition, and for assisting the hearing impaired. In speech communication systems, the quality and intelligibility of speech is of utmost importance for ease and accuracy of information exchange. To obtain an intelligible speech signal and one that is more pleasant to listen, noise reduction is essential. In this paper a new Time Adaptive Discrete Bionic Wavelet Thresholding (TADBWT) scheme is proposed. The proposed technique uses Daubechies mother wavelet to achieve better enhancement of speech from additive non- stationary noises which occur in real life such as street noise and factory noise. Due to the integration of human auditory system model into the wavelet transform, bionic wavelet transform (BWT) has great potential for speech enhancement which may lead to a new path in speech processing. In the proposed technique, at first, discrete BWT is applied to noisy speech to derive TADBWT coefficients. Then the adaptive nature of the BWT is captured by introducing a time varying linear factor which updates the coefficients at each scale over time. This approach has shown better performance than the existing algorithms at lower input SNR due to modified soft level dependent thresholding on time adaptive coefficients. The objective and subjective test results confirmed the competency of the TADBWT technique. The effectiveness of the proposed technique is also evaluated for speaker recognition task under noisy environment. The recognition results show that the TADWT technique yields better performance when compared to alternate methods specifically at lower input SNR.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 April 2012
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8398, Optical Pattern Recognition XXIII, 83980M (23 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919635
Show Author Affiliations
Sumithra Palaniswamy, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology (India)
Prakash Duraisamy, Univ. of North Texas (United States)
Mohammad Showkat Alam, Univ. of South Alabama (United States)
Xiaohui Yuan, Univ. of North Texas (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8398:
Optical Pattern Recognition XXIII
David P. Casasent; Tien-Hsin Chao, Editor(s)

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