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Proceedings Paper

Feature extraction and processing of spatial frequency-domain electromagnetic induction sensor data for improved landmine discrimination
Author(s): Stacy L. Tantum; Kenneth A. Colwell; Kenneth D. Morton; Waymond R. Scott; Leslie M. Collins; Peter A. Torrione
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Paper Abstract

Frequency-domain electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors have been shown to provide target signatures which enable discrimination of landmines from harmless clutter. In particular, frequency-domain EMI sensors are well-suited for target characterization by inverting a physics-based signal model. In many model-based signal processing paradigms, the target signatures can be decomposed into a weighted sum of parameterized basis functions, where the basis functions are intrinsic to the target under consideration and the associated weights are a function of the target sensor orientation. When spatial data is available, the diversity of the measured signals may provide more information for estimating the basis function parameters. After model inversion, the basis function parameters can be used as features for classifying the target as landmine or clutter. In this work, feature extraction from spatial frequency-domain EMI sensor data is investigated. Results for data measured with a prototype frequency-domain EMI sensor at a standardized test site are presented. Preliminary results indicate that Structured relevance vector machine (sRVM) regression model inversion using spatial data provides stable, and sparse, sets of target features.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8357, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVII, 835708 (11 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919421
Show Author Affiliations
Stacy L. Tantum, Duke Univ. (United States)
Kenneth A. Colwell, Duke Univ. (United States)
Kenneth D. Morton, Duke Univ. (United States)
Waymond R. Scott, Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)
Leslie M. Collins, Duke Univ. (United States)
Peter A. Torrione, Duke Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8357:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVII
J. Thomas Broach; John H. Holloway, Editor(s)

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