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Proceedings Paper

Toward automatic subpixel registration of unmanned airborne vehicle images
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Paper Abstract

Many applications require to register images within subpixel accuracy like computer vision especially super-resolution (SR) where the estimated subpixel shifts are very crucial in the reconstruction and restoration of SR images. In our work we have an optical sensor that is mounted on an unmanned airborne vehicle (UAV) and captures a set of images that contain sufficient overlapped area required to reconstruct a SR image. Due to the wind, The UAV may encounter rotational effects such as yaw, pitch and roll which can distort the acquired as well as processed images with shear, tilt or perspective distortions. In this paper we propose a hybrid algorithm to register these UAV images within subpixel accuracy to feed them in a SR reconstruction step. Our algorithm consists of two steps. The first step uses scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) to correct the distorted images. Because the resultant images are not registered to a subpixel precision, the second step registers the images using a fast Fourier transform (FFT) based method that is both efficient and robust to moderate noise and lens optical blur. Our FFT based method reduces the dimensionality of the Fourier matrix of the cross correlation and uses a forward and backward search in order to obtain an accurate estimation of the subpixel shifts. We discuss the relation between the dimensionality reduction factors and the image shifts as well as propose criteria that can be used to optimally select these factors. Finally, we compare the results of our approach to other subpixel techniques in terms of their efficiency and computational speed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 May 2012
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8399, Visual Information Processing XXI, 839902 (7 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.918935
Show Author Affiliations
Amr Hussein Yousef, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Jiang Li, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Mohammad Karim, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8399:
Visual Information Processing XXI
Mark Allen Neifeld; Amit Ashok, Editor(s)

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