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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive optimal spectral range for dynamically changing scene
Author(s): Ephi Pinsky; Avihay Siman-tov; David Peles
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Paper Abstract

A novel multispectral video system that continuously optimizes both its spectral range channels and the exposure time of each channel autonomously, under dynamic scenes, varying from short range-clear scene to long range-poor visibility, is currently being developed. Transparency and contrast of high scattering medium of channels with spectral ranges in the near infrared is superior to the visible channels, particularly to the blue range. Longer wavelength spectral ranges that induce higher contrast are therefore favored. Images of 3 spectral channels are fused and displayed for (pseudo) color visualization, as an integrated high contrast video stream. In addition to the dynamic optimization of the spectral channels, optimal real-time exposure time is adjusted simultaneously and autonomously for each channel. A criterion of maximum average signal, derived dynamically from previous frames of the video stream is used (Patent Application - International Publication Number: WO2009/093110 A2, 30.07.2009). This configuration enables dynamic compatibility with the optimal exposure time of a dynamically changing scene. It also maximizes the signal to noise ratio and compensates each channel for the specified value of daylight reflections and sensors response for each spectral range. A possible implementation is a color video camera based on 4 synchronized, highly responsive, CCD imaging detectors, attached to a 4CCD dichroic prism and combined with a common, color corrected, lens. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) technique is then applied for real time "dimensional collapse" in color space, in order to select and fuse, for clear color visualization, the 3 most significant principal channels out of at least 4 characterized by high contrast and rich details in the image data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8407, Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2012, 84070N (10 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.918911
Show Author Affiliations
Ephi Pinsky, Rafael Ltd. (Israel)
Avihay Siman-tov, Rafael Ltd. (Israel)
David Peles, Rafael Ltd. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8407:
Multisensor, Multisource Information Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications 2012
Jerome J. Braun, Editor(s)

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