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Proceedings Paper

Thermal human phantom for testing of millimeter wave cameras
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Paper Abstract

Screening cameras working in millimetre band gain more and more interest among security society mainly due to their capability of finding items hidden under clothes. Performance of commercially available passive cameras is still limited due to not sufficient resolution and contrast in comparison to other wavelengths (visible or infrared range). Testing of such cameras usually requires some persons carrying guns, bombs or knives. Such persons can have different clothes or body temperature, what makes the measurements even more ambiguous. To avoid such situations we built a moving phantom of human body. The phantom consists of a polystyrene manikin which is covered with a number of small pipes with water. Pipes were next coated with a silicone "skin". The veins (pipes) are filled with water heated up to 37 C degrees to obtain the same temperature as human body. The phantom is made of non-metallic materials and is placed on a moving wirelessly-controlled platform with four wheels. The phantom can be dressed with a set of ordinary clothes and can be equipped with some dangerous (guns, bombs) and non-dangerous items. For tests we used a passive commercially available camera TS4 from ThruVision Systems Ltd. operating at 250 GHz. We compared the images taken from phantom and a man and we obtained good similarity both for naked as well as dressed man/phantom case. We also tested the phantom with different sets of clothes and hidden items and we got good conformity with persons.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8362, Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XV, 83620K (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.917904
Show Author Affiliations
Norbert Palka, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Radoslaw Ryniec, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Marek Piszczek, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Mieczyslaw Szustakowski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Marek Zyczkowski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Marcin Kowalski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8362:
Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XV
David A. Wikner; Arttu R. Luukanen, Editor(s)

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