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Proceedings Paper

Nature as a model for biomimetic sensors
Author(s): H. Bleckmann
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Paper Abstract

Mammals, like humans, rely mainly on acoustic, visual and olfactory information. In addition, most also use tactile and thermal cues for object identification and spatial orientation. Most non-mammalian animals also possess a visual, acoustic and olfactory system. However, besides these systems they have developed a large variety of highly specialized sensors. For instance, pyrophilous insects use infrared organs for the detection of forest fires while boas, pythons and pit vipers sense the infrared radiation emitted by prey animals. All cartilaginous and bony fishes as well as some amphibians have a mechnaosensory lateral line. It is used for the detection of weak water motions and pressure gradients. For object detection and spatial orientation many species of nocturnal fish employ active electrolocation. This review describes certain aspects of the detection and processing of infrared, mechano- and electrosensory information. It will be shown that the study of these seemingly exotic sensory systems can lead to discoveries that are useful for the construction of technical sensors and artificial control systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 April 2012
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 8339, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication 2012, 833902 (3 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.915729
Show Author Affiliations
H. Bleckmann, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Univ. Bonn (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8339:
Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication 2012
Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Editor(s)

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