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Proceedings Paper

Power enhancement of piezoelectric transformers by adding thermal pad
Author(s): Y. H. Su; Y. P. Liu; D. Vasic; F. Costa
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Paper Abstract

It is well known that power density of piezoelectric transformers is limited by mechanical stress. The power density of piezoelectric transformers calculated by the stress boundary can reach 330 W/cm3. However, no piezoelectric transformer has ever reached such a high power density in practice. The power density of the piezoelectric transformer is limited to 33 W/cm3 typically. This fact implies that there is another physical limitation in piezoelectric transformer. In fact, it is also known that piezoelectric material is constrained by vibration velocity. Once the vibration velocity is too large, the piezoelectric transformer generates heat until it cracks. To explain the instability of piezoelectric transformer, we will first model the relationship between vibration velocity and resulting heat by a physical feedback loop. It will be shown that the vibration velocity as well as the heat generation determines the loop gain. A large vibration velocity and heat may cause the feedback loop to enter into an unstable state. Therefore, to enhance the power capacity of piezoelectric transformer, the heat needs to be dissipated. In this paper, we used commercial thermal pads on the surface of the piezoelectric transformer to dissipate the heat. The mechanical current of piezoelectric transformers can move from 0.382A/2W to 0.972A/9W at a temperature of 55°C experimentally. It implies that the power capacity possibly increases 3 times in the piezoelectric material. Moreover, piezoelectric transformers that are well suited in applications of high voltage/low current becomes also well suited for low voltage/high current power supplies that are widely spread. This technique not only increases the power capacity of the piezoelectric transformer but also allows it to be used in enlarged practical applications. In this paper, the theoretical modeling will be detailed and verified by experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2012
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8341, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2012, 83411U (27 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.915496
Show Author Affiliations
Y. H. Su, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France)
Y. P. Liu, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France)
D. Vasic, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France)
Univ. de Cergy-Pontoise (France)
F. Costa, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (France)
Univ. Paris Est Créteil (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8341:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2012
Henry A. Sodano, Editor(s)

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