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Proceedings Paper

CNT/conductive polymer composites for low-voltage driven EAP actuators
Author(s): Takushi Sugino; Yoshiyuki Shibata; Kenji Kiyohara; Kinji Asaka
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Paper Abstract

We investigated the effects of additives incorporated into the electrode layer in order to improve the actuation performance of dry-type carbon nanotube (CNT) actuators. Especially, the addition of conductive nano-particles such as polyaniline (PANI) and polypyrrole (PPy) improves actuation performance very much rather than the addition of nonconductive nano-particles such as mesoprous silica (MCM-41 type). In this paper, we studied on the influences of applied voltage, species of ionic liquid (IL), amounts of IL, thickness of actuator to optimize actuation performance. Imidazolium type ionic liquids with three different anions, that is, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium (EMI) as a cation and tetrafluoroborate (BF4), trifluoromethanesulfonate (OTf), and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) as anions were chosen in this study. EMIBF4 is the most suitable IL for our CNT actuator including PANI in the electrode layer. We tuned the amount of IL and the thickness of actuator. As a result, the strain was improved to be 2.2% at 0.1 Hz by applying the voltage of 2.5 V. This improved value is almost 2 times larger than our previous results. We also show the potential of improved CNT actuators for a thin and light Braille display.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 April 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8340, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2012, 83400T (3 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.914759
Show Author Affiliations
Takushi Sugino, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Yoshiyuki Shibata, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Kenji Kiyohara, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
Kinji Asaka, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8340:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2012
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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