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Proceedings Paper

A novel speech watermarking algorithm by line spectrum pair modification
Author(s): Qian Zhang; Senbin Yang; Guang Chen; Jun Zhou
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Paper Abstract

To explore digital watermarking specifically suitable for the speech domain, this paper experimentally investigates the properties of line spectrum pair (LSP) parameters firstly. The results show that the differences between contiguous LSPs are robust against common signal processing operations and small modifications of LSPs are imperceptible to the human auditory system (HAS). According to these conclusions, three contiguous LSPs of a speech frame are selected to embed a watermark bit. The middle LSP is slightly altered to modify the differences of these LSPs when embedding watermark. Correspondingly, the watermark is extracted by comparing these differences. The proposed algorithm's transparency is adjustable to meet the needs of different applications. The algorithm has good robustness against additive noise, quantization, amplitude scale and MP3 compression attacks, for the bit error rate (BER) is less than 5%. In addition, the algorithm allows a relatively low capacity, which approximates to 50 bps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 2011
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8285, International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing (ICGIP 2011), 82855C (1 October 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.913397
Show Author Affiliations
Qian Zhang, Xi'an Communications Institute Xi'an (China)
Senbin Yang, Xi'an Communications Institute Xi'an (China)
Guang Chen, Xi'an Communications Institute Xi'an (China)
Jun Zhou, Army Aviation Research Institute (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8285:
International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing (ICGIP 2011)

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