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Proceedings Paper

A novel local learning based approach with application to breast cancer diagnosis
Author(s): Songhua Xu; Georgia Tourassi
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we introduce a new local learning based approach and apply it for the well-studied problem of breast cancer diagnosis using BIRADS-based mammographic features. To learn from our clinical dataset the latent relationship between these features and the breast biopsy result, our method first dynamically partitions the whole sample population into multiple sub-population groups through stochastically searching the sample population clustering space. Each encountered clustering scheme in our online searching process is then used to create a certain sample population partition plan. For every resultant sub-population group identified according to a partition plan, our method then trains a dedicated local learner to capture the underlying data relationship. In our study, we adopt the linear logistic regression model as our local learning method's base learner. Such a choice is made both due to the well-understood linear nature of the problem, which is compellingly revealed by a rich body of prior studies, and the computational efficiency of linear logistic regression--the latter feature allows our local learning method to more effectively perform its search in the sample population clustering space. Using a database of 850 biopsy-proven cases, we compared the performance of our method with a large collection of publicly available state-of-the-art machine learning methods and successfully demonstrated its performance advantage with statistical significance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8315, Medical Imaging 2012: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 83151Y (23 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.912194
Show Author Affiliations
Songhua Xu, Oak Ridge National Lab. (United States)
Georgia Tourassi, Oak Ridge National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8315:
Medical Imaging 2012: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Bram van Ginneken; Carol L. Novak, Editor(s)

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