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Proceedings Paper

Quantifying cortical surface harmonic deformation with stereovision during open cranial neurosurgery
Author(s): Songbai Ji; Xiaoyao Fan; David W. Roberts; Keith D. Paulsen
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Paper Abstract

Cortical surface harmonic motion during open cranial neurosurgery is well observed in image-guided neurosurgery. Recently, we quantified cortical surface deformation noninvasively with synchronized blood pressure pulsation (BPP) from a sequence of stereo image pairs using optical flow motion tracking. With three subjects, we found the average cortical surface displacement can reach more than 1 mm and in-plane principal strains of up to 7% relative to the first image pair. In addition, the temporal changes in deformation and strain were in concert with BPP and patient respiration [1]. However, because deformation was essentially computed relative to an arbitrary reference, comparing cortical surface deformation at different times was not possible. In this study, we extend the technique developed earlier by establishing a more reliable reference profile of the cortical surface for each sequence of stereo image acquisitions. Specifically, fast Fourier transform (FFT) was applied to the dynamic cortical surface deformation, and the fundamental frequencies corresponding to patient respiration and BPP were identified, which were used to determine the number of image acquisitions for use in averaging cortical surface images. This technique is important because it potentially allows in vivo characterization of soft tissue biomechanical properties using intraoperative stereovision and motion tracking.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8316, Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 831634 (17 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.911438
Show Author Affiliations
Songbai Ji, Dartmouth College (United States)
Xiaoyao Fan, Dartmouth College (United States)
David W. Roberts, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Ctr. (United States)
Keith D. Paulsen, Dartmouth College (United States)
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8316:
Medical Imaging 2012: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
David R. Holmes; Kenneth H. Wong, Editor(s)

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