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Proceedings Paper

Fully automatic vertebra detection in x-ray images based on multi-class SVM
Author(s): Fabian Lecron; Mohammed Benjelloun; Saïd Mahmoudi
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Paper Abstract

Automatically detecting vertebral bodies in X-Ray images is a very complex task, especially because of the noise and the low contrast resulting in that kind of medical imagery modality. Therefore, the contributions in the literature are mainly interested in only 2 medical imagery modalities: Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance (MR). Few works are dedicated to the conventional X-Ray radiography and propose mostly semi-automatic methods. However, vertebra detection is a key step in many medical applications such as vertebra segmentation, vertebral morphometry, etc. In this work, we develop a fully automatic approach for the vertebra detection, based on a learning method. The idea is to detect a vertebra by its anterior corners without human intervention. To this end, the points of interest in the radiograph are firstly detected by an edge polygonal approximation. Then, a SIFT descriptor is used to train an SVM-model. Therefore, each point of interest can be classified in order to detect if it belongs to a vertebra or not. Our approach has been assessed by the detection of 250 cervical vertebræ on radiographs. The results show a very high precision with a corner detection rate of 90.4% and a vertebra detection rate from 81.6% to 86.5%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8314, Medical Imaging 2012: Image Processing, 83142D (14 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.911424
Show Author Affiliations
Fabian Lecron, Univ. of Mons (Belgium)
Mohammed Benjelloun, Univ. of Mons (Belgium)
Saïd Mahmoudi, Univ. of Mons (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8314:
Medical Imaging 2012: Image Processing
David R. Haynor; Sébastien Ourselin, Editor(s)

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