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Proceedings Paper

A new prostate segmentation approach using multispectral magnetic resonance imaging and a statistical pattern classifier
Author(s): Bianca Maan; Ferdi van der Heijden; Jurgen J. Fütterer
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Paper Abstract

Prostate segmentation is essential for calculating prostate volume, creating patient-specific prostate anatomical models and image fusion. Automatic segmentation methods are preferable because manual segmentation is timeconsuming and highly subjective. Most of the currently available segmentation methods use a priori knowledge of the prostate shape. However, there is a large variation in prostate shape between patients. Our approach uses multispectral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data, containing T1, T2 and proton density (PD) weighted images and the distance from the voxel to the centroid of the prostate, together with statistical pattern classifiers. We investigated the performance of a parametric and a non-parametric classification approach by applying a Baysian-quadratic and a k-nearest-neighbor classifier respectively. An annotated data set is made by manual labeling of the image. Using this data set, the classifiers are trained and evaluated. sThe following results are obtained after three experiments. Firstly, using feature selection we showed that the average segmentation error rates are lowest when combining all three images and the distance with the k-nearest-neighbor classifier. Secondly, the confusion matrix showed that the k-nearest-neighbor classifier has the sensitivity. Finally, the prostate is segmented using both classifier. The segmentation boundaries approach the prostate boundaries for most slices. However, in some slices the segmentation result contained errors near the borders of the prostate. The current results showed that segmenting the prostate using multispectral MRI data combined with a statistical classifier is a promising method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8314, Medical Imaging 2012: Image Processing, 83142Q (14 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.911194
Show Author Affiliations
Bianca Maan, Univ. of Twente (Netherlands)
Ferdi van der Heijden, Univ. of Twente (Netherlands)
Jurgen J. Fütterer, Radboud Univ. Nijmegen Medical Ctr. (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8314:
Medical Imaging 2012: Image Processing
David R. Haynor; Sébastien Ourselin, Editor(s)

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