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Tunable and switchable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and twin-core photonic crystal fiber
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Paper Abstract

Multi-wavelength fiber lasers have attracted a lot of interest, recently, because of their potential applications in wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) systems, optical fiber sensing, and fiber-optics instruments, due to their numerous advantages such as multiple wavelength operation, low cost, and compatibility with the fiber optic systems. Semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based multi-wavelength fiber lasers exhibit stable operation because of the SOA has the property of primarily inhomogeneous broadening and thus can support simultaneous oscillation of multiple lasing wavelengths. In this letter, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a switchable multi-wavelength fiber laser employing a semiconductor optical amplifier and twin-core photonic crystal fiber (TC-PCF) based in-line interferometer comb filter. The fabricated two cores are not symmetric due to the associated fiber fabrication process such as nonuniform heat gradient in furnace and asymmetric microstructure expansion during the gas pressurization which results in different silica strut thickness and core size. The induced asymmetry between two cores considerably alters the linear power transfer, by seriously reducing it. These nominal twin cores form effective two optical paths and associated effective refractive index difference. The in-fiber comb filter is effectively constructed by splicing a section of TC-PCF between two single mode fibers (SMFs). The proposed laser can be designed to operate in stable multi-wavelength lasing states by adjusting the states of the polarization controller (PC). The lasing modes are switched by varying the state of PC and the change is reversible. In addition, we demonstrate a tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser operation by applying temperature changes to TC-PCF in the multi-channel filter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8257, Optical Components and Materials IX, 82570F (1 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.909447
Show Author Affiliations
Bongkyun Kim, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Jihee Han, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Youngjoo Chung, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8257:
Optical Components and Materials IX
Shibin Jiang; Michel J. F. Digonnet; J. Christopher Dries, Editor(s)

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