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Proceedings Paper

Bead characterization of disk-laser butt welding of thin AA 2024 sheets
Author(s): Fabrizia Caiazzo; Vittorio Alfieri; Francesco Cardaropoli; Vincenzo Sergi
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Paper Abstract

Higher productivity, lower distortion and better penetration are the main advantages which laser welding provides in comparison with conventional processes. A Trumpf TruDisk 2002 Yb:YAG disk-laser is used in this work, as it increases productivity and quality. Materials which involve many technological issues in welding, resulting in shallow penetration and defects, are aluminum alloys. In particular, AA 2024 behaviour is investigated in the paper, being this alloy extensively used in automotive and aerospace industries. Defocusing has been considered, as it affects key-holes conditions. Bead-on-plate and butt autogenous welding tests in continuous wave emission on 1.25 mm thick sheets have been examined from morphological and microstructural point of view. Geometric and mechanical features of the welding bead have been evaluated via a 3-levels experimental plan with power, welding speed and defocusing as governing factors. Softening in the fused zone through Vickers microhardness test and magnesium loss through energy dispersive spectrometer analysis have been discussed. Optimal welding conditions have been suggested.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2012
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8239, High Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications, 82390E (6 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.908576
Show Author Affiliations
Fabrizia Caiazzo, Univ. degli Studi di Salerno (Italy)
Vittorio Alfieri, Univ. degli Studi di Salerno (Italy)
Francesco Cardaropoli, Univ. degli Studi di Salerno (Italy)
Vincenzo Sergi, Univ. degli Studi di Salerno (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8239:
High Power Laser Materials Processing: Lasers, Beam Delivery, Diagnostics, and Applications
Eckhard Beyer; Timothy Morris, Editor(s)

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