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Proceedings Paper

All optical preparation, storage, and readout of a single spin in an individual quantum dot
Author(s): Vase Jovanov; Florian Klotz; Stephan Kapfinger; Dominik Heiss; Silvia Spiga; Daniel Rudolph; Max Bichler; Martin S. Brandt; Gerhard Abstreiter; Jonathan J. Finley
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Paper Abstract

We demonstrate optical single electron spin-initialization, -storage and -readout in a single self-assembled InGaAs quantum dot using a spin memory device. Single electron spin relaxation is monitored over timescales exceeding ≥30μs, defined only by extrinsic experimental parameters such as the optical detection efficiency. The selective generation of a single electron in the dot is performed by resonant optical excitation and subsequent partial exciton ionization; the hole is removed from the dot whilst the electron remains stored. When subject to a magnetic field applied in Faraday geometry, we show how the spin of the electron can be prepared with a well defined spin projection relative to the light propagation direction simply by controlling the voltage applied to the gate electrode. The spin is stored then in the dot before being read out using an optical implementation of spin to charge conversion, whereby the spin projection of the electron is mapped onto a more robust variable, the charge state of the dot. After spin to charge conversion, we show how the charge occupancy can be repeatedly and non-perturbatively measured by pumping a luminescence recycling transition. The approach is shown to provide a readout signal 104 times stronger per spin when compared to previous methods. In combination with spin manipulation using the optical Stark effect or microwaves, our approach provides an ideal basis for probing spin coherence in single self-assembled quantum dots over long timescales and the development of methods for coherent spin control.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8272, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication V, 827211 (23 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.907791
Show Author Affiliations
Vase Jovanov, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Florian Klotz, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Stephan Kapfinger, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Dominik Heiss, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Silvia Spiga, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Daniel Rudolph, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Max Bichler, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Martin S. Brandt, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Gerhard Abstreiter, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Jonathan J. Finley, Technische Univ. München (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8272:
Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication V
Zameer Ul Hasan; Philip R. Hemmer; Hwang Lee; Charles M. Santori, Editor(s)

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