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Proceedings Paper

Diffuse reflectance imaging: a tool for guided biopsy
Author(s): Jayaraj L. Jayanthi; Narayanan Subhash; Stephen Manju; Unni G Nisha; Valappil T. Beena
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Paper Abstract

Accurate diagnosis of premalignant or malignant oral lesions depends on the quality of the biopsy, adequate clinical information and correct interpretation of the biopsy results. The major clinical challenge is to precisely locate the biopsy site in a clinically suspicious lesion. Dips due to oxygenated hemoglobin absorption have been noticed at 545 and 575 nm in the diffusely reflected white light spectra of oral mucosa and the intensity ratio R545/R575 has been found suited for early detection of oral pre-cancers. A multi-spectral diffuse reflectance (DR) imaging system has been developed consisting of an electron multiplying charge coupled device (EMCCD) camera and a liquid crystal tunable filter for guiding the clinician to an optimal biopsy site. Towards this DR images were recorded from 27 patients with potentially malignant lesions on their tongue (dorsal, lateral and ventral sides) and from 44 healthy controls at 545 and 575 nm with the DR imaging system. False colored ratio image R545/R575 of the lesion provides a visual discerning capability that helps in locating the most malignant site for biopsy. Histopathological report of guided biopsy showed that out of the 27 patients 16 were cancers, 9 pre-cancers and 2 lichen planus. In this clinical trial DR imaging has correctly guided 25 biopsy sites, yielding a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 98%, thereby establishing the potential of DR imaging as a tool for guided biopsy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 January 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8220, Optical Biopsy X, 822004 (31 January 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.907734
Show Author Affiliations
Jayaraj L. Jayanthi, Ctr. for Earth Science Studies (India)
Narayanan Subhash, Ctr. for Earth Science Studies (India)
Stephen Manju, Government Dental College (India)
Unni G Nisha, Ctr. for Earth Science Studies (India)
Valappil T. Beena, Government Dental College (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8220:
Optical Biopsy X
Robert R. Alfano; Stavros G. Demos, Editor(s)

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