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Proceedings Paper

Composite micro-sphere optical resonators for electric field measurement
Author(s): J. Stubblefield; D. Womack; T. Ioppolo; U. Ayaz; M. V. Otugen
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Paper Abstract

Polymer-based, multi-layered dielectric microspheres are investigated for high-resolution electric field sensing. The external electric field induces changes in the morphology of the spheres, leading to shifts in the whispering gallery modes (WGMs). Light from a distributed feedback (DFB) laser is sidecoupled into the microspheres using a tapered section of a single mode optical fiber to interrogate the optical modes. The base material of these multi-layered spheres is polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Three microsphere geometries are investigated: (1) cores comprised of a 60:1 volumetric ratio of PDMS-to-curing agent mixture that are mixed with varying amounts of barium titanate (BaTiO3) nano particles, (2) cores comprised of 60:1 PDMS that are coated with a thin layer of 60:1 PDMS that is mixed with varying amounts of barium titanate and (3) a composite Carbon Black-BaTiO3 prototype. The outermost layer for all sphere geometries is a thin coat of 60:1 PDMS which serves as the shell waveguide. Light from the tapered laser is coupled into this outermost shell that provides high optical quality factor WGM (Q ~ 106). The microspheres are poled for several hours at electric fields of ~ 1 MV/m to increase their sensitivity to electric field. Preliminary results show that electric fields of the order of 100 V/m can be detected using these composite micro-resonators.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2012
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8236, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIV, 82361Y (6 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.906713
Show Author Affiliations
J. Stubblefield, Southern Methodist Univ. (United States)
D. Womack, Southern Methodist Univ. (United States)
T. Ioppolo, Southern Methodist Univ. (United States)
U. Ayaz, Southern Methodist Univ. (United States)
M. V. Otugen, Southern Methodist Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8236:
Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIV
Alexis V. Kudryashov; Alan H. Paxton; Vladimir S. Ilchenko, Editor(s)

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