Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Sensitivity analysis of near-infrared functional lymphatic imaging
Author(s): Michael Weiler; Timothy Kassis; J. Brandon Dixon
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

Background - Near-infrared (NIR) imaging of lymphatic drainage of injected indocyanine green (ICG) has emerged as a new technology for clinical imaging of lymphatic architecture and quantification of vessel function, offering better spatial and temporal resolution than competing imaging modalities. While NIR lymphatic imaging has begun to be reported in the literature, the technology is still in its infancy and its imaging capabilities have yet to be quantitatively characterized. The objective of this study, therefore, was to characterize the parameters of NIR lymphatic imaging to quantify its capabilities as a diagnostic tool for evaluating lymphatic disease. Methods - An NIR imaging system was developed using a laser diode for excitation, ICG as a fluorescent agent, and a CCD camera to detect emission. A tissue phantom with mock lymphatic vessels of known depths and diameters was used as an alternative to in vivo lymphatic vessels due to the greater degree of control with the phantom. Results and Conclusions - When dissolved in an albumin physiological salt solution (APSS) to mimic interstitial fluid, ICG experiences shifts in the excitation/emission wavelengths such that it is maximally excited at 805nm and produces peak fluorescence at 840nm. Premixing ICG with albumin induces greater fluorescence intensity, with the ideal concentration being: 900μM (60g/L) albumin and 193.5μM (150μg/mL) ICG. ICG fluorescence can be detected as deep as 6mm, but spatial resolution deteriorates severely below 3mm, thus skewing vessel geometry measurements. ICG packet travel, a common measure of lymphatic transport, can be detected as deep as 5mm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 February 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8229, Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics; and Design and Performance Validation of Phantoms Used in Conjunction with Optical Measurement of Tissue IV, 82290A (2 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.906447
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Weiler, Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (United States)
Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)
Timothy Kassis, Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (United States)
Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)
J. Brandon Dixon, Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience (United States)
Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8229:
Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics; and Design and Performance Validation of Phantoms Used in Conjunction with Optical Measurement of Tissue IV
Gerard L. Coté; Robert J. Nordstrom, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top