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Proceedings Paper

Axial phase measurements of light interacting with microstructures
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Paper Abstract

We present an experimental method to study field structures of highly confined light after interaction with microstructures. A high-resolution interference microscope (HRIM) allows us to measure the three-dimensional (3D) amplitude and phase distributions of light emerging from the sample. While the amplitude fields represent conventional pictures of light confinements like a hotspot, the phase fields exhibit peculiar behaviors, which are of significant interest. Longitudinal-differential interferometry can directly visualize and quantify phase deviations in 3D space with respect to a plane wave of the same frequency serving as a reference. The phase fields near the confinement exhibits particular phase features, e.g., axial phase anomaly and superluminal phase velocity. As example of the light interaction with microstructures, two specific optical phenomena have been investigated here: Gouy phase anomaly in the photonic nanojet and superluminal phase propagation of the spot of Arago. For the first time, we could experimentally demonstrate high-resolution axial phase measurements of such phenomena generated by microstructures of wavelengthscale size and at visible light with 642-nm wavelength.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 February 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8250, Reliability, Packaging, Testing, and Characterization of MEMS/MOEMS and Nanodevices XI, 825007 (15 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.905461
Show Author Affiliations
Myun-Sik Kim, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Toralf Scharf, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Hans Peter Herzig, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8250:
Reliability, Packaging, Testing, and Characterization of MEMS/MOEMS and Nanodevices XI
Sonia M. García-Blanco; Rajeshuni Ramesham, Editor(s)

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