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Proceedings Paper

The effect of the target size on the optical response of ultrafine metallic spherical particles arranged in a two-dimensional array
Author(s): Mohammed Alsawafta; Mamoun Wahbeh; Sushil Misra; Vo-Van Truong
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Paper Abstract

Discrete Dipole Approximation (DDA) is a computational technique to simulate the optical properties of nanostructures of different shapes, sizes, and compositions. The influence of the target size on the optical response of 5 nm-diameter nanoparticles arranged in a monolayer hexagonal array is investigated by using DDA at various incident angles of the incident light on the target considered for silver (Ag), gold (Au) and copper (Cu) nanoparticles. In our study, the target size is controlled by the number of the spherical nanoparticles used to generate the two dimensional arrays. The interparticle distance is kept constant in all the simulations. The anisotropic response of noble-metal nanoparticles is generally characterized by the excitation of the high-energy (transverse) surface plasmon (SP) mode and the low-energy (longitudinal) SP mode. Results of the simulations for the three chosen metals show an exponential dependency of the absorption efficiency of the SP modes with respect to the target size. As the target size is increased, the energy of Ag-longitudinal SP mode is red-shifted and it displays an exponential decay while the band position of the transverse mode is blue-shifted. They however overlap when the smallest target size is considered. Although, the optical response of Au and Cu nanoparticle arrays shows the same dependency on the target size as observed in the case of Ag, the positions of their respective longitudinal and transverse modes are very close, making these almost indistinguishable. The dependency of the absorption efficiency of SP modes on the incident angle is fitted linearly for Cu, Au and longitudinal- Ag modes to the target size, while the transverse-Ag mode shows an exponential fitting. No change in the Ag-SP band position is observed when the incident angle is changed, but the SP bands for both Au and Cu exhibit exponential variation behavior.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8007, Photonics North 2011, 80071H (8 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.905099
Show Author Affiliations
Mohammed Alsawafta, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Mamoun Wahbeh, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Sushil Misra, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Vo-Van Truong, Concordia Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8007:
Photonics North 2011
Raman Kashyap; Michel Têtu; Rafael N. Kleiman, Editor(s)

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