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Proceedings Paper

Mapping lake level changes using ICESat/GLAS satellite laser altimetry data: a case study in arid regions of central Asia
Author(s): JunLi Li; Hui Fang; Liao Yang
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Paper Abstract

Lakes in arid regions of Central Asia act as essential components of regional water cycles, providing sparse but valuable water resource for the fragile ecological environments and human lives. Lakes in Central Asia are sensitive to climate change and human activities, and great changes have been found since 1960s. Mapping and monitoring these inland lakes would improve our understanding of mechanism of lake dynamics and climatic impacts. ICESat/GLAS satellite laser altimetry provides an efficient tool of continuously measuring lake levels in these poorly surveyed remote areas. An automated mapping scheme of lake level changes is developed based on GLAS altimetry products, and the spatial and temporal characteristics of 9 typical lakes in Central Asia are analyzed to validate the level accuracies. The results show that ICESat/GLAS has a good performance of lake level monitoring, whose patterns of level changes are the same as those of field observation, and the max differences between GLAS and field data is 3cm. Based on the results, it is obvious that alpine lakes are increasing greatly in lake levels during 2003-2009 due to climate change, while open lakes with dams and plain endorheic lakes decrease dramatically in water levels due to human activities, which reveals the overexploitation of water resource in Central Asia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 November 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8006, MIPPR 2011: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications, 80060J (23 November 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.901780
Show Author Affiliations
JunLi Li, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (China)
Hui Fang, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (China)
Liao Yang, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8006:
MIPPR 2011: Remote Sensing Image Processing, Geographic Information Systems, and Other Applications
Faxiong Zhang; Faxiong Zhang, Editor(s)

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