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Proceedings Paper

Line-width compression of the distributed feedback laser with an external parallel feedback cavity
Author(s): Zi-nan Wang; Cui-yun Wang; Da-liang Wang; Ping Lu; Xiao-qi Yu; Lian-yu Xu; Yi Yang; Yun Jiang; Li-xin Zhu; Zheng-bin Li
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Paper Abstract

The distributed feedback laser (DFB) is a typical laser diode where the active region of the device is periodically structured as a diffraction grating. The output of a DFB laser has one single longitudinal mode and a relatively narrow line-width, usually several megahertz or one order less. However, applications such as coherent optical communication and accurate fiber sensing demand an even narrower line-width. An effective method for compressing a DFB laser is demonstrated. The line-width of a DFB laser, 200 KHz detected originally, is suppressed to sub kilohertz by adding an external parallel feedback cavity. The DFB laser is normatively designed but without the output isolator. The parallel feedback cavity is constructed by inserting several pieces of multimode fiber into a standard linear single-mode fiber cavity. In multimode fiber, each transverse mode has a different propagation constant. Equivalently, when a light beam propagates from single mode fiber to multimode fiber, it will split into a few parallel light paths with different propagation constants. The external cavity and DFB cavity form a compound resonant cavity for light beams. Lasing light in the compound cavity must fit the restrictions of all light paths, thus line-width of the final output is suppressed. When a passive external cavity is used, the line-width is suppressed to 1.25 KHz, detected by a delayed self-heterodyne interferometer with a 100km fiber delay line. By adding an erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) into the external cavity for loss compensation, the result is updated to 430 Hz. This line-width suppressing method can be applied for other types of fiber lasers in a similar way. The parallel feedback mechanism is also suggested for general laser cavity designing to achieve ultra narrow line-width light source.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8192, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Laser Sensing and Imaging; and Biological and Medical Applications of Photonics Sensing and Imaging, 81923L (22 August 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.900983
Show Author Affiliations
Zi-nan Wang, Peking Univ. (China)
Cui-yun Wang, Peking Univ. (China)
Da-liang Wang, Peking Univ. (China)
Ping Lu, Peking Univ. (China)
Xiao-qi Yu, Peking Univ. (China)
Lian-yu Xu, Peking Univ. (China)
Yi Yang, Peking Univ. (China)
Yun Jiang, Peking Univ. (China)
Li-xin Zhu, Peking Univ. (China)
Zheng-bin Li, Peking Univ. (China)
State Key Lab. on Integrated Optoelectronics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8192:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Laser Sensing and Imaging; and Biological and Medical Applications of Photonics Sensing and Imaging
Farzin Amzajerdian; Weibiao Chen; Chunqing Gao; Tianyu Xie, Editor(s)

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