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Proceedings Paper

Spectral measurements of muzzle flash with multispectral and hyperspectral sensor
Author(s): M. Kastek; R. Dulski; P. Trzaskawka; T. Piątkowski; H. Polakowski
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Paper Abstract

The paper presents some practical aspects of the measurements of muzzle flash signatures. Selected signatures of sniper shot in typical scenarios has been presented. Signatures registered during all phases of muzzle flash were analyzed. High precision laboratory measurements were made in a special ballistic laboratory and as a result several flash patterns were registered. The field measurements of a muzzle flash were also performed. During the tests several infrared cameras were used, including the measurement class devices with high accuracy and frame rates. The registrations were made in NWIR, SWIR and LWIR spectral bands simultaneously. An ultra fast visual camera was also used for visible spectra registration. Some typical infrared shot signatures were presented. Beside the cameras, the LWIR imaging spectroradiometer HyperCam was also used during the laboratory experiments and the field tests. The signatures collected by the HyperCam device were useful for the determination of spectral characteristics of the muzzle flash, whereas the analysis of thermal images registered during the tests provided the data on temperature distribution in the flash area. As a result of the measurement session the signatures of several types handguns, machine guns and sniper rifles were obtained which will be used in the development of passive infrared systems for sniper detection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8193, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Infrared Imaging and Applications, 81933Y (8 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.900971
Show Author Affiliations
M. Kastek, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
R. Dulski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
P. Trzaskawka, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
T. Piątkowski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)
H. Polakowski, Military Univ. of Technology (Poland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8193:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Infrared Imaging and Applications
Jeffery J. Puschell; Junhao Chu; Haimei Gong; Jin Lu, Editor(s)

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