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Proceedings Paper

High accuracy ground target location using loitering munitions platforms
Author(s): Zhifei Wang; Hua Wang; Jing Han
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Paper Abstract

Precise ground target localization is an interesting problem and relevant not only for military but also for civilian applications, and this is expected to be an emerging field with many potential applications. Ground Target Location Using Loitering Munitions (LM) requires estimation of aircraft position and attitude to a high degree of accuracy, and data derived by processing sensor images might be useful for supplementing other navigation sensor information and increasing the reliability and accuracy of navigation estimates during this flight phase. This paper presents a method for high accuracy ground target localization using Loitering Munitions (LM) equipped with a video camera sensor. The proposed method is based on a satellite or aerial image matching technique. In order to acquire the target position of ground intelligently and rapidly and to improve the localization accuracy estimating the target position jointly with the systematic LM and camera attitude measurement errors, several techniques have been proposed. Firstly, ground target geo-location based on tray tracing was used for comparison against our approach. By proposed methods the calculation from pixel to world coordinates can be done. Then Hough transform was used to image alignment and a median filter was applied for removing small details which are visible from the sensed image but not visible from the reference image. Finally, A novel edge detection method and an image matching algorithm based on bifurcation extraction were proposed. This method did not require accurate knowledge of the aircraft position and attitude and high performance sensors, therefore it is especially suitable for LM which did not have capability to carry accurate sensors due to their limited play weight and power resources. The results of simulation experiments and theory analyzing demonstrate that high accuracy ground target localization is reached with low performance sensors, and achieve timely. The method is used in reconnaissance and surveillance missions, or applicable in any other environment with a relevantly structured clutter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8194, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications, 819423 (18 August 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.900519
Show Author Affiliations
Zhifei Wang, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics & Astronautics (China)
Hua Wang, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics & Astronautics (China)
Jing Han, Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics & Astronautics (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8194:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Advances in Imaging Detectors and Applications
Makoto Ikeda; Nanjian Wu; Guangjun Zhang; Kecong Ai, Editor(s)

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