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Proceedings Paper

Optical fiber network sensor system for monitoring methane concentration
Author(s): Zhi-wei Zhang; Ji-long Zhang
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Paper Abstract

With regard to the high accuracy optic-fiber sensor for monitoring methane concentration, the choice of light source depends on methane peak values. Besides, the environment of mine should be considered, that is to say other gas should be considered, such as vapor, CO and CO2 etc, without absorbent spectrum in the decided wavelength. It has been reported that vapor, CO and CO2 have no obvious absorption in 0.85μm, 1.3μm and 1.66μm area, CH4 has no obvious absorption in 0.85μm area. So diode laser with 1.3μm or 1.66μm peak wavelength is chosen as the optic-fiber sensor's light source for detecting methane concentration. On the basis of the principle of optic absorption varied with methane concentration at its characteristic absorbent wavelength, the advantage of optic-fiber sensor technology and the circumstance characteristic of the coal mine. An optic-fiber sensor system is presented for monitoring methane concentration. Space Division Multiple Access Technology (SDMAT) and long optical path absorbent pool technology are combined in the study. Considering the circumstance characteristic of the coal mine, the optic-fiber network sensors for detecting methane concentration from mix gas of vapor, CO, CH4 and CO2 are used. It introduces the principle of an optic-fiber sensor system for monitoring methane concentration in coal mine. It contains the structure block diagram of monitoring system, the system is mainly made up of diode laser for monitoring methane concentration, Y-shaped photo-coupler with coupled rate 50:50, optical switch 1×2, gas absorbent cell, the computer data process and control system and photoelectric transformer. In this study, in order to decrease to the influence of the dark-current of photodiode, intensity in light sources and temperature drifts of processing circuit on the system accuracy in measurement, a beam of light is broken down into two beams in the coupler of Y-shaped coupler, the one acts as the reference optical path, the other is known as the sensing optical path. The experimental result shows that diode laser with 1654.141nm in wavelength is taken as the optic source for detecting methane concentration, the detective limit of the sensor is below 4.274mg/m3 when the optical path of absorbent pool is 20 centimeters, and the prevision and stability could satisfy practical application. The whole instrument can also reach on-line measurement with multiple points on different spot.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8191, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Sensor and Micromachined Optical Device Technologies, 81910R (8 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.900105
Show Author Affiliations
Zhi-wei Zhang, North Univ. of China (China)
Ji-long Zhang, North Univ. of China (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8191:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2011: Sensor and Micromachined Optical Device Technologies

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