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Proceedings Paper

Numerical weather prediction models and SAR interferometry: synergic use for meteorological and INSAR applications
Author(s): Nazzareno Pierdicca; Fabio Rocca; Daniele Perissin; Rossella Ferretti; Emanuela Pichelli; Bjorn Rommen; Nico Cimini
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Paper Abstract

Spaceborne Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is a well established technique useful in many land applications, such as landslide monitoring and digital elevation model extraction. One of its major limitation is the atmospheric effect, and in particular the high water vapour spatial and temporal variability which introduces an unknown delay in the signal propagation. However, the sensitivity of SAR interferometric phase to atmospheric conditions could in principle be exploited and InSAR could become in certain conditions a tool to monitor the atmosphere, as it happens with GPS receiver networks. This paper describes a novel attempt to assimilate InSAR derived information on the atmosphere, based on the Permanent Scatterer multipass technique, into a numerical weather forecast model. The methodology is summarised and the very preliminary results regarding the forecast of a precipitation event in Central Italy are analysed. The work was done in the framework of an ESA funded project devoted to the mapping of the water vapour with the aim to mitigate its effect for InSAR applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8179, SAR Image Analysis, Modeling, and Techniques XI, 817912 (26 October 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.898756
Show Author Affiliations
Nazzareno Pierdicca, Univ. degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza (Italy)
Fabio Rocca, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Daniele Perissin, Institute of Space and Earth Information Science (Hong Kong, China)
Rossella Ferretti, Univ. degli Studi dell'Aguila (Italy)
Emanuela Pichelli, Univ. degli Studi dell'Aguila (Italy)
Bjorn Rommen, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
Nico Cimini, Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8179:
SAR Image Analysis, Modeling, and Techniques XI
Claudia Notarnicola; Simonetta Paloscia; Nazzareno Pierdicca, Editor(s)

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