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Proceedings Paper

Principal component noise filtering for NAST-I radiometric calibration
Author(s): Jialin Tian; William L. Smith
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Paper Abstract

The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Airborne Sounder Testbed- Interferometer (NAST-I) instrument is a high-resolution scanning interferometer that measures emitted thermal radiation between 3.3 and 18 microns. The NAST-I radiometric calibration is achieved using internal blackbody calibration references at ambient and hot temperatures. In this paper, we introduce a refined calibration technique that utilizes a principal component (PC) noise filter to minimize the impact of measurement noise on the calibration of Earth scene radiance spectra. To test the procedure and estimate the PC filter noise performance, we form dependent and independent test samples using odd and even sets of blackbody spectra. To determine the optimal number of eigenvectors, the PC filter algorithm is applied to both dependent and independent blackbody spectra with a varying number of eigenvectors. The optimal number of PCs is selected so that the total root-mean-square (RMS) error of the calibrated reference scene blackbody data is minimized. To estimate the filter noise performance, we examine four different scenarios: apply PC filtering to both dependent and independent datasets, apply PC filtering to dependent calibration data only, apply PC filtering to independent data only, and no PC filtering. The independent blackbody radiances are predicted for each case and comparisons are made. The results show significant reduction in noise in the final calibrated scene radiances with the implementation of the PC filtering algorithm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 October 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8176, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XV, 81760V (3 October 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.898407
Show Author Affiliations
Jialin Tian, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
William L. Smith, Hampton Univ. (United States)
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8176:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XV
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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