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Proceedings Paper

Photo-induced deformation of azobenzene polymers: theory and simulations
Author(s): Marina Saphiannikova; Vladimir Toshchevikov; Jaroslav Ilnytskyi; Gert Heinrich
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Paper Abstract

A microscopic theory is developed to describe light-induced deformation of azobenzene polymers of different chemical structures: uncross-linked low-molecular-weight azobenzene polymers and cross-linked azobenzene polymers (azobenzene elastomers) bearing azobenzene chromophores in their strands. According to the microscopic theory the light-induced deformation is caused by reorientation of azobenzene chromophores with respect to the electric vector of the linearly polarized light, E. Theoretical calculations of the order parameter of short azobenzene molecules (oligomers) affected by the light show that the sign of the light-induced deformation (expansion / contraction along the vector E) depends strongly on the chemical structure of the oligomers. The conclusion of the theory about different signs of the light-induced deformation of low-molecular-weight azobenzene polymers is in an agreement with performed series of molecular dynamics simulations. Using the microscopic theory it is shown that cross-linked azobenzene polymers demonstrate the same light-induced deformation (expansion / contraction) as their low-molecular-weight analogues, i.e. polymers consisting of short azobenzene molecules whose chemical structure is the same as chain fragments of the elastomers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 October 2011
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8189, Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism and Crime Fighting VII; Optical Materials in Defence Systems Technology VIII; and Quantum-Physics-based Information Security, 818910 (20 October 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.897375
Show Author Affiliations
Marina Saphiannikova, Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden (Germany)
Vladimir Toshchevikov, Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden (Germany)
Institute of Macromolecular Compounds (Russian Federation)
Jaroslav Ilnytskyi, Institute for Condensed Matter Physics (Ukraine)
Gert Heinrich, Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8189:
Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism and Crime Fighting VII; Optical Materials in Defence Systems Technology VIII; and Quantum-Physics-based Information Security
Roberto Zamboni; François Kajzar; Attila A. Szep; Mark T. Gruneisen; Miloslav Dusek; John G. Rarity; Colin Lewis; Douglas Burgess, Editor(s)

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