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Proceedings Paper

A fissionable scintillator for neutron flux monitoring
Author(s): Sy Stange; Ernst I. Esch; Eric A. Burgett; Rico E. Del Sesto; Ross E. Muenchausen; Felicia L. Taw; Fredrik K. Tovesson
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Paper Abstract

Neutron flux from linear accelerators is conventionally monitored using ionization chambers containing one or more foils thinly coated with a fissionable or fissile material. Due to the long pulse rise times resulting from the ionization mechanism, fission chambers are prone to pulse pile-up in high-neutron-flux environments. In addition, their relatively low efficiencies result in extremely long counting times in low-flux environments. To ameliorate these effects, a novel type of neutron flux monitor, consisting of fissionable material loaded in a liquid scintillator, has been developed, characterized, and tested in the beam line at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. This is a rugged, cost-efficient detector with high efficiency, a short signal rise time, and the ability to be used in low neutron-flux environments. Compared with a conventional fission chamber, the fissionable scintillator displays a significantly higher event rate. Related research on nanocomposite scintillators for gamma-ray detection suggests the possibility of extending this approach by synthesizing fissionable material nanoparticles and loading them into an organic scintillator. We will present results of the design and characterization process and an analysis of the results of the beam line experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8144, Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XII, 814403 (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.894708
Show Author Affiliations
Sy Stange, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Ernst I. Esch, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Eric A. Burgett, Idaho State Univ. (United States)
Rico E. Del Sesto, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Ross E. Muenchausen, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Felicia L. Taw, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Fredrik K. Tovesson, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8144:
Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XII
Gary P Grim; Richard C. Schirato, Editor(s)

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